Name, first nameJuan GomezYear of birth1991UniversityHEADField of Interest / research fieldSpatial DesignTitle of projectHybrid Public SpacesAbstractThis text intends to give an overview of some current methods used nowadays for “smart” urbanism in physical spaces and aims to compare them critically in order to formulate a comprehensive toolkit for using them in contemporary urbanism practices for public space.
Drawing on interviews with practitioners including artists, designers, architects, software developers and social activist, it brings together new (and sometimes opposing) perspectives on the issue. The diverse methods that will be examined are broad and I will try to establish a typology.

Dealing with issues of decision making towards public space one can divide this into Bottom-up and Top-down planning as the first tries to prioritize the hyper-local and the second has a ‘master plan’ that is usually executed from a higher instance from an institutional point of view (town hall, etc).

The people interviewed and the case projects that will find themselves to be in an in-between of this two planning methodologies;Hopefully this way of proceeding will show how this 2 types of urbanism are not excluding each other and can work together to create a better dialogue and lighten the number of points to be discussed during the process of place-making in public space.
The rise of many of the DIY or guerrilla urbanism practices can be attributed due to the lack of involvement of inhabitants and users of public spaces in their co-creation and the lack of legal structures that facilitate temporary intervention or activities in them.

The 3 case studies were chosen as helpers for better understanding the preferable and good practices for participatory methods for conceptualizing, designing and implementing their proposals. Two of the examples come from western European cities and one is mainly based in Russia but its outcomes are global. Despite many efforts of diverse local or national authorities for establishing participative processes in urban decisions, there seems to exist no rule of thumb on creating an open hybrid channel (digital and physical) for civic discussion about the future problematics of the city and I intend to develop a discourse on how a Hybrid Public Space like this could exist.

Taking as common ground the texts from Richard Sennett among other thinkers that deal with the concepts of the public sphere and the commons I found important to share this text in an open manner as website for showing the references and documentation in depth.

The result of this thesis aims to help users of public space questions about the digital infrastructural narratives presented by many private and institutional stakeholders but also for ones stated by the citizen or independent initiatives toward the use and co-creation for public space.
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Hybrid Public Spaces